Why consider electrical training? As the construction industry continues to flourish, more electricians will be needed to install and maintain electrical devices. Electrician training programs generally take one to two years to complete. Courses are offered at trade schools, two-year colleges, and technical institutes. Electrician courses include learning about wiring components, conductors, electrical equipment, electrical safety procedures and circuit analysis. Licensed electricians are trained how to wire and route electrical circuits in order to power plants, business buildings, and residential homes.
Electrician Education and Training
To be effective and safe, electricians must be able to read circuit installation blueprints and safely connect wires to circuit breakers, fuse boxes, and transformers. Electricians work on high-voltage lines, they set up the electrical wiring, and install circuits for telephones and security systems. Many electricians are also trained through 3-year and 4-year electrician apprenticeship programs under master electricians. Electrical trade schools often require students to have the fundamentals of areas like mathematics and physics as well as other minimum requirements such as a high school diploma or equivalent.
Electricians are required to complete a technical vocational program plus an apprenticeship program that lasts about four to five years. At the end of their electrical training, most electricians learn their trade through apprenticeship programs and the programs combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction.
To be an electrician you must usually be at least 18 years old and hold a high school diploma or GED. You may also be. You would generally be required to have four training and each year you would need at least 144 hours of classroom instruction and 2,000 hours of on-the-job training. While the curriculum may vary from program to program, some courses you may be required to take are:
- Electrical Safety and Tools
- Commercial Electrical Wiring
- Reading Blueprints for Electrical Wiring
- Residential Wiring
- Power Generators
- AC/DC Motors
- Electrical Code Requirements
Most electricians learn the trade in a four-year apprenticeship. During each year of the program, apprentices should complete a minimum of 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of on-the-job training (United States Bureau of Labor Statistics – BLS). You can attain your electrician certification after completing electrician apprenticeship by taking an exam, and most states require licensure or certification.
Licensed electricians are needed for wiring in homes, factories, offices, and other structures. An electrician is a professional who specializes in electrical wiring of residential and commercial buildings. The work of an electrician is detail-oriented and many professionals choose to specialize in many specific types of electrical work such as, new house wiring, maintenance wiring, or landscape architecture wiring.
Electricians need to attach the wires to circuit breakers or transformers and connect the wires by using special connectors. They also examine their work for any flaws like improper connections, incompatibility with other systems, and safety issues using tools like ohmmeters, oscilloscopes, or voltmeters. Others tasks may require electricians to:
- Read blueprints and technical diagrams
- Install and maintain wiring and lighting systems
- Inspect electrical components like transformers and circuit breakers
After graduating, some electricians work in construction companies and electrician companies, while many others chose to be self-employed. Four out of five electricians work in the construction industry or are self-employed. Experienced licensed electricians can advance higher positions as supervisors, project managers, and construction superintendents.
Estimated Income and Projected Career Outlook
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly earnings for electrician careers was $20.33 in May 2004. After attending electrical training courses, apprentices usually start at between 40% and 50% of the rate paid to fully trained electricians, depending on experience.
As electrician apprentices become more skilled, they receive periodic pay increases throughout the course of their training. The salary range is $11.81 – $33.21/hr. The median annual wage of electricians was $48,250 in 2010, and the employment of electricians is projected to grow 23% between 2010 and 2020. With the construction industry on the rise, more commercial and residential space will need to be outfitted with electrical systems.
More people are also buying personal homes and this means they will need licensed professionals with electrical training do new or repair jobs. Generally, with the rise of technology in the workforce, qualified electricians who have completed electrical training will be in constant rising demand.
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